Sal Island
CAPE VERDE

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Cape Verde is...

Synonymous with rich cuisine, with the traditional Cachupa, the well-known tuna steak, the Xerém, or even the typical Modjo from S. Nicolau.

The art of Morabeza, reflecting the warm welcome of the people, the symbol of Sodade, brought to us by the voice of Cesaria Evora, and of Cretcheu, the sweet and romantic side of a country.

A slow and tender melody like Morna and the hot rhythms of the Funaná.

An example of democracy, stability and prosperity, proof of which was the attribution of the Mo Ibrahim award to former president Pedro Pires, as a recognition of his achievements in matters of human rights and good governance. As a result, Cape Verde was the second African Country to graduate from the United Nations list of Least Developed Countries.


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Sal Island


One of the smallest inhabited islands, Sal is 30km long by 12km wide and located at a straight line distance of 50km from the island of Boavista, its nearest neighbor.

Sal County has only one civil parish: Nossa Senhora das Dores.


HISTORY

Because there was no available drinking water, the island was left abandoned until the 19th Century. The year of 1833 brought the beginning of salt exploration in Pedra de Lume and with it the first settlements.

With the intention of being a stopover for flights to South America, the "International Airport of Sal" was built in 1939 through an Italian initiative. It was also at this time that rainwater collection systems were implemented, allowing for an increase in settlements mainly through internal migration within the archipelago, mostly from São Nicolau Island. After the country’s independence, the airport was renamed Amilcar Cabral International Airport.

After the country’s independence, the airport was renamed Amilcar Cabral International Airport.
NATURE

Sal Island has around 35,000 inhabitants. Its proximity to the African mainland makes it vulnerable to hot dry winds that carry desert sand from the Sahara.

Its extreme flatness despite its volcanic origins, the lack of mountains (except in the north) to condense atmospheric humidity, result in a very arid island with long stretches of white sandy beaches and a mild climate with very little temperature variations (between 24ªC and 30ªC).
POINTS OF INTEREST

The island has both natural and artificial salt pans (“Salinas”) and natural rock pools, such as the striking “Buracona”, located on the north-western coast of the island.

The island’s capital and most populated city is the city of Espargos. Santa Maria, to the south, is the island’s tourist centre, offering good hotel infrastructures and holding the second largest population.

Palmeira, essentially a fishing village, is located to the east of the city of Espargos. Pedra de Lume, 4km to the east of Espargos, is a small town of around 100 inhabitants and home to the wonderful “Salinas”.
CULTURE

In addition to official Portuguese, Cape Verdean Creole is used on a daily basis by the majority of the population of Sal.

The island’s best known figure was singer and songwriter Ildo Lobo, who died in 2004. His versatile and melodic voice and his powerful presence on stage made him one of the greatest performers of Cape Verde.

PLACES TO VISIT

Village of Santa Maria


The Village of Santa Maria is just a 5 minute walk from Oasis Atlantico Belorizonte Hotel and, in addition to the inhabitants of Cape-Verdean origin, is home to a considerable Senegalese, Portuguese and Italian community.

Santa Maria is located near a long strip of beach with white sands and a crystal blue sea. Everyday, Santa Maria’s Pier receives fishermen who every morning unload fresh fish, the product of their fishing outings. There you can find tunas and many other species, which are often traded and sold on site.

There are also several restaurants offering Cape Verdean, Portuguese and Italian specialties. Fresh seafood can be enjoyed in many of them. Barnacles, shrimps and lobsters are just a few examples. Some of these establishments feature live Cape Verdean music.

There are also numerous handicraft shops, many owned by Senegalese immigrants. The sale of fruit and vegetables is a common practice and there are also several grocery stores which also provide these and other food products.

Salinas of Pedra de Lume


Pedra de Lume is a town located on the east coast of Sal Island. It is located by the sea, and has a beach integrated in a landscape of remarkable beauty. Nearby, in the crater of an ancient volcano, into which the seawater infiltrates and later evaporates, are the Pedra de Lume Salt Pans, whose salt gives Sal Island its name. Much of the salt produced on the island is treated at an existing factory in Pedra de Lume. In some of the salt pans, it is possible to try to dive into its highly concentrated salty waters. The high salt density prevents people from reaching the bottom, allowing them to float effortlessly.

City of Espargos


Espargos is the seat of the municipality of Sal, and the Island’s largest city. It is located near the airport which is the genesis of its creation and growth.

Buracona – Natural Pool


Buracona is a small bay located approximately 4 km west of the island's capital, Espargos.

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